| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  

The Korean text of this paper can be translated into multiple languages on the website of http://jksee.or.kr through Google Translator.

J Korean Soc Environ Eng > Volume 38(11); 2016 > Article
J Korean Soc Environ Eng 2016;38(11): 589-595. doi: https://doi.org/10.4491/KSEE.2016.38.11.589
전과정평가를 이용한 석유화학 폐수처리슬러지의 매립처리에 대한 환경영향평가
김형우1, 박흥석2
1울산대학교 BK사업단
2울산대학교 건설환경공학부
Environmental Impact Evaluation on Landfill Treatment of Petro-Chemical Wastewater Sludge by Life Cycle Assessment
Hyeong-Woo Kim1, Hung-Suck Park2
1BK 21 Plus Team, University of Ulsan
2Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Ulsan
Corresponding author  Hung-Suck Park ,Tel: 052-259-1050, Fax: 052-221-0152, Email: parkhs@ulsan.ac.kr
Received: August 8, 2016;  Revised: October 13, 2016;  Accepted: November 1, 2016.  Published online: November 30, 2016.
This study evaluated the environmental impacts for landfill treatment of the wastewater treatment sludge (WTS) from petrochemical firms by life cycle assessment (LCA) and reviewed the impact reduction by landfill gas (LFG) utilization. The functional unit was ‘landfill of 1 ton of WTS’, and the system boundary included the process of input and treatment for WTS in landfill site. The impacts were high at landfill process (LP) and leachate treatment process (LTP). Global warming (GWP) and photochemical oxidants creation (POCP) were high at LP, while abiotic depletion (ADP), acidification (AP), eutrophication (EP), ozone depletion (ODP) were high at LTP. The major substances of various impact categories were crude oil (ADP), NOX (AP, EP), CH4 (GWP, POCP), Cl2 (ODP), respectively. The major factor of ADP, AP, EP was attributed from the generation of electricity used in LTP, and the methane within uncollected LFG was main factor of GWP and POCP. Therefore, electricity consumption reduction is identified to be an impact improvement option, and the flaring system installation or enhanced LFG recovery could be an alternative to reduce impacts. Among the various categories, GWP accounted the highest impact (≥ 90%) followed by ADP, POCP. In the avoidance impact resulted from the utilization of LFG, to substitute B-C oil or LNG showed the impact reduction of 32.7% and 12.0%, respectively.
Key Words: Petrochemical, Sludge, Landfill, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Editorial Office
464 Cheongpa-ro, #726, Jung-gu, Seoul 04510, Republic of Korea
TEL : +82-2-383-9653   FAX : +82-2-383-9654   E-mail : ksee@kosenv.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © Korean Society of Environmental Engineers.                 Developed in M2PI